HYBRID PROCESSOR
 
 
 
FOREWORDS 
 
The Hybrid Processor shown in figure 1 is not only 
An Innovative Electronic Processor; it is an 
Oeuvre D'art. 
 
 
 
 
 
Figure 1 
 
 
I - The Hybrid Processor 
 
To simulate charging and discharging of the battery V3, shown in figure 1, it was used a capacitor C1 of 100 mF, as it is shown in figure 2.  
 
 
 
 
 
 
Figure 2 
 
When the battery is discharged to 220 volts the distribution grid, simulated by V2 = 300 V 50 Hz, supplies the recharging energy into the battery accordingly to what is seen in figure 3. 
 
 
 
 
Figure 3 
 
The charging current (in black), furnished by the grid (in blue), decreases exponentially to zero while the battery voltage (in red) increases to 225 volts, as it is seen better in figure 4. 
 
 
 
 
Figure 4 
 
Observe that the current wave form is allways in phase with the grid voltage; from the observed we may say that the Hybrid Processor can work as: 
 
  • A Rectifier for Battery Charger with Power Factor equal to 1.0 
  •  
     
    After charged, the battery can be used by a load simulated by R2 as shown in figure 5. 
     
     
     
     
    Figure 5 
     
    In this situation the Transient Analysis becomes: 
     
     
     
     
    Figure 6 
     
    The grid supplies the energy necessary to feed the load with, as seen before, a Power Factor equal to 1.0. 
    Suppose now that some Solar Panels are available and you want to use them to supplly the energy to feed R2. The Solar Panels supplies a current of 15 amperes that is connected like it is shown in figure 7. 
     
     
     
     
    Figure 7 
     
    Looking to the Transient Analysis shown in figure 8 it becomes clear that the energy provided by the Solar Panels is more than necessary to feed R2 so the Hybrid Processor sends the energy over flow to the grid with Power Factor equal to 1.0. 
     
     
     
     
     
    Figure 8 
     
    From the observed we may say that the Hybrid Processor can work as: 
     
  • An Automatic Power Management Processor for Small Solar Power Plants Connected to Grid. 
  •  
    Suppose now you are in the middle of nothing in one of the wonderfull beaches in Brazil and you dont have a Grid available; all you have is an 150 V battery. Connect the battery in place of the Grid like it is shown in figure 9. 
     
     
     
     
    Figure 9 
     
    In figure 10 it is shown the simulation data for the power management done by the Hybrid Processor in the Solar System shown in figure 9. 
     
     
     
     
    Figure 10 
     
     
    The Solar Panels (I2) generate 3.542 KW, the load R2 uses 1.858 KW so that the difference (3.542 KW - 1.858 KW) = 1.684 KW is fed to the Hybrid Processor; 1.670 KW goes to the Battery V2 and only 14 Watts is used by the Hybrid Processor; from these data the efficiency of the process can be calculated by: 
     
    = 1.670/1.684 = 99.1 % 
     
    From the observed we may say that the Hybrid Processor can work as: 
     
  • An Automatic Power Management Processor for Small Solar DC Smart Grids or Stand Alone DC Battery. 
  •